The evolution of Terrorism in North Africa French Documentary review
An insightful French documentary about the development of terrorism in Algeria, and the evolution of national organizations into global actors.
produced by Barberis / length: 70 minutes /Public Sénat April 2011
The evolution of terrorist organizations in Algeria and abroad are adequately covered by the documentary. Yet, the most interesting Analysis can be found towards the end:
Here are some Interesting points seldom mentioned in bite size news snippets covering the subject:
- The rise and more importantly the 'fall' of Al-Qaida on the global level.
- The rise of AQIM and it's development into a 'criminal organization'
- The devolution from a centralized organized entity to more fractured local actors.
- Sageman's 'Bunch of Guys Theory'
- The threat to current and potential economic interests in the Sahel posed by these groups.
- The use of real/exaggerated terrorist threat by local and powerful states to further their own interest in the region.
Though the above points being raised are a refreshing take on events. It is clear that the documentary was made in 2011 and fails to take into account the recent developments in the area i.e:
- The fall of the Qaddafi regime and its consequences on the region.
- Mass proliferation of weapons and fighters from Libya into the Sahel.
- The rise of Jihadist ideology in Tunisia and Libya.
- Algeria's defensive stance, and it's lack of will to take a leading role in the crisis
- Algeria's military untested outside of the country.
- Risk averse ruling regime is extra sensitive to the 'sea of instability' around it:
- Libya's unruly situation.
- Development of Jihadists in Tunisia.
- The current crisis in Mali.
Supplementing the above information, we have posted an excerpt from a research paper undertaken in 2011. The aim was to analyse the evolution of local organizations and the internal and external factors that lead to adopt Al-Qaeda's creed.
The excerpt contains the theoretical background for paper and the relevant theories used. If the rest of the paper is of interest to anyone, we will publish it when it is requested.